How Sanskrit & Computing Are Linked

Sanskrit one of the oldest languages in the world native to India used in divine worship or in Vedic rituals or language that has been used for writing ancient Indian manuscripts. This is a general perception, right? But very few people are aware of the fact that the binary number system which is the basis for modern-day computing originated from Sanskrit. How Sanskrit gave birth to seventeen hundred plus Indian languages? and How Sanskrit gave birth to a Combinatorics field of mathematics which has an incredible number of applications in modern-day science and technology like machine learning. We made this documentary very responsibly and each and every spec of detail that you're going to read here is fully backed with research. All research credit for this valuable documentary goes to project shivoham.

To keep it crisp and clear this documentary is of three chapters.

Chapter 1. The History of Language
Chapter 2. Samskrutam & Computing
Chapter 3. Why learn Samskrutam?

1) The first chapter is about how Sanskrit originated and how is it related to the languages in India as well as outside India.
2) And in the second chapter we're going to see what is the link between Sanskrit and computing we'll walk you through in detail about what is fact and what is fiction in this space. It's going to be very interesting and do not stop reading somewhere in middel.
3) And the third chapter is why should we learn Sanskrit and how is it relevant for us today.
Let us dig deep into these interesting stories.

Chapter 1. [ The History of Language ]

Let's get the first chapter on how it all started. According to the continental drift theory, this is how our earth looked like around 250 million years ago and today we have something like this with all the continents separated from each other.

earth around 250 million years ago

As the landmasses get separated from each other the life forms also follow the same pattern. They get distributed across the continents. They split and they evolve diverge and evolve this has been the pattern for everything in this world and language is no exception. According to modern history proto-indo-european language, something that existed between 4500 and 2000 bc is the mother of all the indo-european language families as we know today. Around 50 percent of the world's spoken languages today have originated from proto-indo-european. Here is an example of how the word mahter from proto-indo-european evolved into mother in different indo-european languages that are spoken today. English, Scottish, Irish, Portuguese, Spanish, French, Italian everything originated from Latin. While greek has its own way right from the olden times and german from the proto-germanic, norse, proto-slavic, proto-indo-iranian. So a lot of language families that you can see here and how they originated from the proto-indo-european language.

If we zoom into India, Sanskrit is the root language for a vast majority of the languages spoken in India today. Well not just in India but Sanskrit also shares similar roots as in certain European languages like Lithuania.

Let's take a quick look on which all languages are very closely related to sanskrit. A western of ancient Persia, ancient greek of Greece, old Latin of Italy, Lithuanian and languages of the baltic nations all these have very close connections with Sanskrit. Of all these, particularly the baltic nations and especially Lithuania shares very close roots with Sanskrit and that's what the department of the Lithuanian studies of the University of Lithuania says as you can read.

"Lithuania is a very old language. It is related to Sanskrit, Latin, and Ancient Greek. It is the oldest surviving Indo-European language, which has preserved the most phonetical and morphological aspects of the proto-language which many other European languages come from"

In 2019 the government of Lithuania published a book of ten thousand common words between Sanskrit and Lithuania and presented to the vice president of India.

EnglishSanskritLithuania
FireAgniUgnis
GodDevaDievas
DeathMrityuMirtis
DayDinaDiena
ToothDantaDantis
vice president tweet

As you can see the words how similar they are Fire in English as Agni in Sanskrit and Ugnis in Lithuania, God in English is Deva in Sanskrit and Dievas in Lithuania. Death in English Sanskrit mrityu or in Lithuania it is Mirtis. A day in English is Dina in Sanskrit and Diena in Lithuania, Tooth is Danta in Sanskrit, and Dantis in Lithuania.

In addition to the linguistic aspects on the cultural front as well Lithuania shares certain common roots with the ancient Vedic culture. The pagan traditions of Lithuania called as Romuva or it derives from its root word Rom which means peace and calmness. It has interesting similarities with the Vedic culture on fire-worship, worship of the elements of nature, etc.

Indian Languages

Let's get back to sanskrit let's take a quick look at how all the Indian languages originated from sanskrit. That's proto-indo-european and let's leave out the rest of all european languages and focus only on India. From proto-indo-european Vedic Sanskrit and Tamil were the first to evolve. From Vedic Sanskrit evolved the classical Sanskrit which is more commonly used as a spoken language in ancient India.

From both classical Sanskrit and Tamil evolved Malayalam, Kannada, and Telugu. And classical Sanskrit evolved a wide variety of languages called Prakrits which has Hindi, Bengali, Bihari, Gujarati, Marathi, Rajasthani, Sindhi, Punjabi, Sinhala, Assamese, Konkani, and Maithili.

And from the Sino-Tibetan family, we have Bodo and Meitei which are spoken in the northeastern parts of India. And from the Indo-Iranian family, we have Urdu. All this is fine but what is the basis for the proto-indo-european language. As per the current history that is the farthest that we can go back into the past. We don't know the further origins of the proto-indo-european language.

Every question has an answer and the only way to find it is just to search for it and from this point onwards this documentary is going to take a totally different direction and before that, I'd like to say one thing "Truth is something that always exists it's about how we seek it" you'll get to know why I said that.

First, let's get the basics right. It is not Senskrit it is not Sanskrit it is Samskrutam which means a well-perfected language. So let's address it as Samskrutam from here on. According to the recorded history 2600 years ago that's in 600 BCE panini maharishi wrote a treatise on samskrutam grammar which is called "Ashtadhyayi" it's of eight chapters. Not just in India but across the world, today Ashtadhyayi is considered as the world's oldest living treatise on grammar and also the most complex and comprehensive one on linguistics ever known to mankind.

नृत्तावसाने नटराज-राजो ननाद ढक्कां नवपञ्चवारम् |
उद्धुर्तुकाम: सनकादिसिद्धान् एतद्विमर्षे शिवसूत्रजालम् ||

"At the end of his cosmic dance, Shiva, the Lord of Dance, with a view to bless the sages Sanaka and others, played on his damaru fourteen times, from which emerged the following fourteen sutras, popularly known as the Shiva Sutras."

This is the opening slogan for panini's Ashtadhyayi. It says that Lord Shiva at the end of his cosmic dance made 14 beats out of his Damaru and pronounced 14 principles which are called Shiva Sutras. And the 14 shiva sutras are as follows:

1. अ इ उ ण्
2. ऋ ऌ क्
3. ए ओ ङ्
4. ऐ औ च्
5. ह य व र ट्
6. ल ण्
7. ञ म ङ ण न म्
8. झ भ ञ्
9. घ ढ ध ष्
10. ज ब ग ड द श्
11. ख फ छ ठ थ च ट त व्
12. क प य्
13. श ष स र्
14. ह ल्

These 14 principles are the foundations for human speech. These are not alphabets these are called phonemes or dusting sounds that a human vocal cord can make. Human speech is the result of an orchestrated effort of different body parts like diaphragm, vocal cord, teeth, tongue, lips, the way you breathe, and all. The easiest way to understand shiva sutras is. These are the exhaustive list of sounds that you can make with your vocal cord and these sounds mix among themselves to create the alphabets that we use today.

Let's try again once more and here is an updated manuscript of Panini Ashtadhyayi. Please note that this is not the original version of panini but is a copy of the panini version but still it's few centuries old.

Panini Ashtadhyayi

Now let's see how shiva sutras gave birth to different Indian languages. As I said these phonemes mix among themselves to create the alphabets. Let's take the first three for example:

panini
evolution to Indian languages

Rest all alphabets are created as a mixture of shiva sutras among themselves. In my opinion, shiva sutras is the textbook definition of the very ethos of India which is unity in diversity. There is no other country in this world which is as linguistically diverse as India and it's incredibly surprising to see how everything rolls up to the shiva sutras.

evolution of veda

There you have shiva sutras and from shiva sutras came Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Saama Veda, and Atharva Veda which has Arunika, Brahmana, Samhita, and Upanishads as part of them. And then we have six Vedangas:

1) Siksha: Study of Phonetics
2) Vyakarana: Study of Grammar
3) Chhandas: Study of Rythym
4) Niruktha: Study of Etymology
5) Jyothishya: Study of Astronomy
6) Kalpa: Study of Rituals

And then we have four Upavedas:

1) Ayurveda: Study of Medicine and Life Sciences
2) Gaandharveda: Study of Music, Art, and Dance
3) Dhanurveda: Study of Archery and Warfare
4) Arthashastra: Study of Business Administration, Commerce, and Political Sciences.

This is called Sriti the primordial knowledge system and this is how shiva sutras gave birth to the entire system and in short and more commonly all these put together are called as the Vedas. And this entire knowledge system is in samskritam in the field of linguistics samskritam always takes the center stage when it comes to research because of its antiquity as well as its comprehensiveness as a language.

Also according to a research paper from one of the European universities Shiva Sutras has universal admiration and also it codes Panini Ashtadhyayi as one of the greatest monuments of human intelligence and Ashtadhyayi continues to inspire modern-day linguistics as well.

Here is another reference from a book that was written almost 100 years ago by Leonard Bloomfield. He is considered as the father of American linguistics. In his book, he regards samskritam as one of the finest linguistic achievements known to mankind.

Here is another research paper from a European university again on the mathematical analysis of shiva sutras.

research on shiva sutra

And as you see it quotes Panini Ashtadhyayi as one of the oldest recorded grammar in history and also it says that Panini Ashtadhyayi continues to inspire linguistics even today.

To summarize samskritam as we know it today is a collective effort of four great gurus:

1) Panini who gave Ashtadhyayi
2) Pingala who gave Chandas Shasthra: A framework for constructing Sanskrit poems. He's also the inventor of "Binary Number System" as well as Combinatorics. We'll see that in a short while.
3) Katyayana Maharshi: Who gave Varttikakara which is a further elaboration of Panini Ashtadhyay. He is also a mathematician who gave the Mensuration and Geometrical principles in Ancient India.
4) Patanjali: Who gave Maha Bhashyam which is an elaborate explanation of Panini Ashtadhyay. Patanjali is also the inventor of Yoga and Ayurvedam both as we know today. It is a very unfortunate situation that all this great knowledge system which was created in samskritam is no longer understandable by the Indians today because we lack the competence of Samskritam.

Samskritam continues to live through the mother tongues of 1.3 billion Indians today and that's how samskritam originated and the rest is history.

Chapter 2. [ What's the link between Samskrutam & Computer Programming? ]

sanskrit and computer programming

Now let's see how Samskritam and Computing are related to each other. Getting straight to the point, Is Samskritam and computing linked? The answer is yes and no.

Remember the scene from the Interstellar [ Movie ]. Joseph Cooper a Nasa Pilot chasing the Indian air force spray drone in the cornfields. And it shows the programming console of cooper, interesting it is Hindi. Let me have the benefit of the doubt and take it as Samskritam. That clip shows two big myths about Samskritam.
1) One is that NASA is doing some research about Samskritam
2) Second thing is you can program using Samskritam.

Both are myths and totally baseless the fact of the matter is Samskritam has already contributed to the technology that we're using today just that it's not well known to many of us and now let's see what they are.

The binary number system, the very foundation of this digital world today has originated from Samskritam.
Combinatorics a field of mathematics that deals with counting has originated from Samskritam.
Computational linguistics or in simple terms "speech recognition". This is an area where research is going on Samskritam for its linguistic properties.

As I said we made this documentary very responsibly and every speck of detail that you're going to see in these three areas is fully backed with research and I'm going to give you references for you to go and check for yourself and only then take the word.

Here is a verse from Bhavani Ashtakam

न तातो न माता न बन्धुर्न दाता
न पुत्रो न पुत्री न भृत्यो न भर्ता ।
न जाया न विद्या न वृत्तिर्ममैव
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥१॥

"Not my Father, not my Mother, not my Friend, not my Donor, not my Son, not my Daughter, not my Servant, not my Husband, not my Wife, not my Knowledge, not my profession. You are my Refuge, You alone are my Refuge, Oh Mother Bhavani"

Bhavani Ashtakam

If you observe the letters in black take less time to pronounce and the letters in red take more time to pronounce. You see that there is a wave pattern in the way the syllables are arranged in this verse that's creating a rhythmic or a rhyming effect. The art of creating a poem by arranging the letters in such a rhythmic way is called "Chandas Shastra".

Chandas is one of the six Vedangas that we saw some time back. Chandas gives the tone and tenor of the Vedas the way they are recited. In addition to Samskritam Kannada and Telugu also has this Chandra Shastra blended into the language. As chandas gives the pleasant rhythm to the Samskritam poems it is metaphorically compared with chand which is moon and hence the name Chandas Shastra.

I will explain why we are talking about Chandas Shastra but before that one very important thing. Just like in music where every song that we listen to, is an arrangement of seven different notes in different combinations. Same way every Samskritam poem is a huge combination of short syllables and long syllables or in other words laghu and guru. The rhyming and beauty of the Samskritam poem lie in how beautifully we arrange these short syllables and long syllables.

Chandas Shastra written by Pingala Acharya historically dated to be around 200 to 300 bc gave certain algorithms to derive the way we can arrange these gurus, laghu combinations in a Samskritam poem. Here I refer to the book Chanda Shastra by Pingala Acharya a Samskrutam to English translation printed in 1874.

1) Binary Number System:

Pingala gives a three-step algorithm as "divikau glau", "misrau cha", "pruthaglamishrah".
Let us see what they mean.

pingla three-step algorithm

Step 1 says divikau glau that means there are two syllables guru and laghu as you see. The second step of the algorithm says misrau cha which means mix themselves. Take laghu and guru and mix once with laghu and take laghu and guru again and mix ones with guru. Then you have laghu laghu, guru laghu, laghu guru, and guru guru. And in step three it says pruthaglamishrah which means makes themselves again basically repeat step two. Take step two result mix ones with laghu and take step two result again and mix ones with guru. So that will give you laghu laghu laghu, guru laghu laghu, laghu guru laghu, and so on all these three combinations.

Take this result set and if we take laghu as one and guru as zero this notation, this triplets what we're having here is nothing but the seven, six, five, four, three, two, one, zero of a binary number system. World's oldest written record of binary numeral system Chanda Shastra Chapter 8, 20, 21, 22 sutras given by Pingala Acharya.

Now let me show you how to practically apply these algorithms of Pingala if you want to construct a three-lettered word as part of a poem. Let's say I want to write a three-letter word as part of the poem. I can write in a combination of all laghu for example:

pingla system

Pingala says that the number of ways in which you can write "n" letter word is 2 to the power of n. For instance, we can write a 3 letter word in 2 raised to the power of 3 which is in 8 different. Same ways a 4 letter word can be written in 2 raised to the power of 4 which is 16 different ways and so on.

This formula of 2 to the power n is the basis for expressing any kind of data in terms of binary digits of one and zero. The binary number system as we use today is credited to Gottfried Leibniz a german mathematician of the 17th century.

Gottfried Leibniz a german mathematician

You can see his paper here where he published the binary number system back in the 17th century. However mainstream academia admits that the binary number system was well known to the people across the world centuries before Gottfried himself. While there is no written record about Leibniz getting inspired by Pingala's work. But those were the days when spice trade was at its peak from India to European nations and not just wealth from India but also the knowledge sources like these from India has also got transferred from India to Europe. And I'm not speculating that he got inspired by Pingala's work but there is another written evidence about another branch of mathematics where Gottfried Leibniz shares the credit along with an Indian mathematician called Madhava. Check about Gottfried Leibniz and Madhwa's infinite series that is the foundation for calculus. And Madhwa predates Gottfried Leibniz by hundreds of years unfortunately the credit of calculus is given only to Leibniz and Newton while manhwa predated both these mathematicians hundreds of years before defining and disrupting the field of calculus

If you're more interested read about the history of how binary number systems originated and you will end up with Pingala. This binary number system is the very basis for assembly level programming of your microprocessors which is the very heart and soul of computing in the devices that we are using today and the rest is history. In very simple words the reason why your pen drives are only 32GB and 64GB is because of Pingala's 2 to the power of n formula of the binary number system and that is the link between Samskritam and computing, that's about the binary number system.

2) Combinatories:

Now let's see how Samskritam contributed to the combinatorics. This is the most exciting and most interesting part of this entire documentary. Combinatorics is a field of mathematics that deals with counting or decision making or arranging things in a particular way. You probably know this with a different name called permutations and combinations in your high school which is used in fields like statistical physics to study atomic behavior, evolutionary biology to study the combination of chromosomes, or in machine learning to study the exhaustive number of possibilities of making a decision.

It is quite easy to understand combinatorics say you have three t-shirts and two pairs of jeans and how many different ways can you dress up your results? it's quite easy it's six. Let's take a more complex problem imagine a cricket field where you have 25 common fielding positions and only nine fielders counting out the wicketkeeper and the bowler so you have nine fielders in 25 positions and then you have right-handed and left-handed batsman and right-handed and left-handed bowlers and round the wicket. With all these combinations how many exhaustive fielding setups can we have? Don't try to count it's going to run into lags and crores. For these kinds of complex problems, combinatorics is used. Combinatorics is also used in DNA sequencing while studying human genetic variations. Like this, there are many other fields where combinatorics plays a very crucial role. All this is to help you understand how important combinatorics in different fields of science and technology.

Now let's see how it originated from Samskritam. Let's take Bhavani Ashtakam poem again. Just like how we arrange the fielders on a cricket field to get the best result same way syllables are to be arranged in such a beautiful way that they sound very pleasant to hear. For this arrangement Pingala Acharya gave six algorithms

1) Prastara
2) Nashtam
3) Uddhishtam
4) Lagakriya
5) Sankhya
6) Adhvayoga

The first one Prastara is what we saw in the binary numeral system and now let us see Lagakriya which defines the combinations. We have to go back to Pingala Chandra Shastra again. This is a lengthy algorithm.

Algorithm:

Uparihi tad ekam Chaturasrakoshtam likhitva
Tasya adhah tat ubhayato ardhani skrantam
Koshtadwayam likhet
Tasyapi adhah tat trayam
Tasyapi adhah tat chatutyam
Evam yaavadabhi matam sthanam
Tasya prathame koshte eka samkhyam
Vyvasthapya lakshanamidam pravarttayet
Tatra dvikoshtaayaam panktau
Ubhayo koshtayoh eka ekam ankam dadyaat
Tatah panktau paryanta koshtayoh eka ekam ankam dadyaat
Madyama koshteth, upari koshtadvayah ankam eki krtya purnam nivesayeth
Iti meru prastarah.

algorithm

First, draw one square and just below that draw two more squares in such a way that half of it overlaps with the above just like it's shown in the above image, and then repeat the process at the third row again with three squares and repeat the process again with four squares like it's shown above and continue the process to a certain level. Say for example four levels here we assume.

In the topmost square write one and then in the next level write one and one again and in the third level write one in the extreme boxes and leave the middle one empty and the middle one should be a sum of the above two so here one plus one is two. Same way for the third level right one in the extremes and add the number above into the boxes like one plus two is three two plus one is three. This arrangement of numbers is called as "Meru Prastara". I was speechless when I first read this because this is called "pascal's triangle" in today's world written by Pingala back in 200 bc and reinvented by pascal in the 17th century. I'll explain how Meru Prasad became pascal's triangle but that's not the important point. What's rather important is to understand the mathematical features of this arrangement of numbers.

Firstly the name Meru Prastara metaphorically represents the Mahameru Yantra of Sri chakra. Let's not get much into this topic but I'll briefly explain what it is in a little while. Let us understand why Pingala gave this numerical arrangement of numbers. Let's take a simple problem, say if you have 5 coins in how many ways we can get only two heads and four tails. In how many different ways can I get these combinations. We can just write it down we can just look up this Meru Prastara table to solve this problem.

Meru Prastara

We have six coins so we have to go to row number six R6 and then the first box represents zero heads and six tails that are in one way you can have zero heads and all tails in just one way so that's one. The second box says six so basically, the six is one head and five tails in six different ways. And the third one says two heads and four tails in 15 different ways. So the answer to the question is it is in 15 different ways that we can get two heads and four tails. So basically Meru Prastara is just a lookup table of numbers in terms of how can we play with different combinations.

Now let's exactly replace the six coin problem with a six-letter word. Imagine that you would like to compose a six-letter word as part of a poem where you want only two gurus and four laghus. So you want a six-letter word just like the coin problem. Go to the sixth row and then the third box is going to give you two gurus and four laghus combinations or vice versa. So that is in 15 different ways that you can write such kind of a word which has two gurus and four laghu.

In the previous algorithm 2n gives you all the possibilities of writing a word. Here in a 6 letter word 26 is 64. which means you can write in 64 different ways respective of how many laghu or how many gurus are there, a six-letter word can be written in 64 different ways. But if you specifically want two laghu and four gurus or vice versa then this table is to look up and understand how many ways you can write that expected combination of laghu and gurus and that is the purpose of Meru Prastara.

Worksheet

This is the worksheet of an unknown Samskrutam poet writing down the Meru Prastara almost in the year 755. You see the combinations of guru laghu how they wrote to identify different words and their combinations. It was incredibly surprising for me to see this manuscript which is 1300 years old. And this was way back in the year approximately 755 a.d this is 1000 years before Pascal invented Pascal's Triangle.

Meru Prastara has a lot of applications in different areas of mathematics. Here is one example of the binomial theorem. Meru Prastara is nothing but the arrangement of the binomial coefficients. (a+b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2. You see the coefficients can be directly read from the table the same way for (a+b)3 and again (a+b)4. You can directly read the binomial coefficients from the Meru Prastara.

Another very important mathematical feature of Meru Prastara is if you add up the diagonals it gives out the "Fibonacci Series" which are in the golden ratio.

Fibonacci series

This series is called as Fibonacci series because an Italian mathematician Fibonacci in the 13th century wrote a book called "liber abaci". This book is all about introducing the Indian way of arithmetic operations to Europe. Thanks to Fibonacci he really gave credit to Indians and he did not claim any of the work as his own. Fibonacci is the first one to introduce the Indian way of mathematics or the Hindu numeral system that the whole world is using today. He is the first one to introduce that to Europe. I will do a separate documentary only focusing on liber abaci but for now, let's move on.

Fibonacci series is very special because we see it directly visible in nature for example a sunflower arranges all its seeds in a Fibonacci sequence. So that it can accommodate a maximum number of seeds in its womb. In the same way, a cauliflower also follows a Fibonacci sequence. It's a huge topic if you are interested, read about the Fibonacci series. And now you know that the Fibonacci series came from Meru Prastara. Like this, there are many many mathematical patterns coming out of Meru Prastara. Even today mathematicians are discovering new patterns with respect to Meru Prastara or pascal's triangle which is more commonly called today.

In Hinduism, the Sri Chakram Mahameru Yantra is revered as a symbol of universal mother-heart and a source of energy. Sri Chakram is considered as the single source that disseminates different levels of energy. Metaphorically Meru Prastara also disseminates different kinds of mathematical patterns maybe that's the reason the names are alike. Anyways let's move on now.

Let's see how Pingala's Meru Prastara became pascal's triangle. He wrote it in 200 BCE, it was eventually translated by Omar Khayyam a Persian mathematician in the 11th century, a Chinese mathematician Yang Hui in the 13th century, and Niccolo Tartaglia an Italian mathematician in the 16th century, and finally by Blaise Pascal from France in 16th century. This is a classic example of how the knowledge that originated in India traveled across the world contributing to the betterment of humanity. Let me be very clear on one aspect here, I'm not saying that the human intellect is a property of Indians no that's absolute nonsense. My only point is the credit should be given to where it rightfully belongs to period.

If we roll all the way back to Shiva Sutras that's where we started. So shiva sutras gave birth to the four Vedas Rigveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda, and Ayurveda, and these four Vedas are accompanied by six Vedangas Siksha, Niruktha, Vyakarana, Kalpa, Jyotishya, and Chhandas written by Pinga Acharya in which he gave six combinatorial algorithms. Of which we could cover only two and a couple of these were translated by different mathematicians across the globe which gave rise to binary number systems, algebra, combinatorics, infinite series, and so on. And has applications in the fields of electronic computing, statistical physics, genetic analysis, machine learning, and so on. So this is the end-to-end picture of how Shiva Sutras which is the very basis of human speech an art form Samskritam which has given rise to all these mathematical and technological advancements that we are having today. This is no exaggeration you can check each and every aspect of it for yourself.

3. Computational Linguistics

The third and the last contribution of Samskritam to technology is in computational linguistics or speech recognition. *Computational linguistics is a technology that deals with human speech recognition your Siri, Google Home, Alexa are the voice assistants that run on computational linguistics. The very fundamental of computational linguistics is natural language processing that means to understand what we are speaking the machine should be able to understand what we are speaking and respond accordingly.* This is an area where there has been some research on Samskritam for its linguistic properties.

There are certain linguistic properties of Samskritam that set it apart from any other language in the world. For instance, you can write Samskritam in the shortest of the form called a "sutra format". So it is a ciphered format that you can write a huge message condensed into a very small format.

Panini Work

Here is an example that we are seeing in Panini Ashtadhyayi. The entire Panini Ashtadhyayi has written in a sutra format the rules are very condensed at the same time very deep in their meaning. Also, Samskritam has certain special properties like it can create new words by fusing existing words which is called sandhi. Like this, there are many properties of Samskritam which are making it a special language to see how can we derive cues from its traits and make the natural language processing more effective.

In the year 1985, a NASA engineer published a white paper on Samskritam and its role in artificial intelligence and natural language processing. This is just individual research but has no role of NASA directly involved as such and probably this white paper is the root cause for all those baseless myths about NASA and Samskritam. This white paper doesn't really hold any weight at this point in time.

computational linguistics of Samskritam

A more reliable source is in JNU India there is a department that is dedicated to computational linguistics of Samskritam and they have been doing quite some work. If you are interested you can check the portal. So that is the link between Samskritam and Computing. We tried our best to bring the factual information about Samskritam and Computing to you and please help us spread this work.

Chapter 3. [ Why do we need to learn Samskritam? ]

human intelligence

Let us understand how human intelligence works. Your memories of the past plus your imagination about the future these two will affect your decision in the present. This is a simple equation of how human intelligence works take a pause and think about yourself. Let me explain with a simple example you want to decide, whether you want to eat chocolate or not? Your memory of the past tells you how chocolate tastes like. It triggers a desire in you. Eventually, you will also imagine if you eat chocolate is that good for your diet or not that's an imagination about the future. These two put together will finally help you make a decision whether you want to eat the chocolate at that point in time or not. And that decision of the present good or bad will become your memory and the loop continues and this is what we call human intelligence.

So memory is very crucial for human intelligence and that part of the brain which stores long-term memory is called the hippocampus. Why I am saying this, there has been researched done on Samskritam pundits who have been memorizing and reciting Samskritam Slocum for years. Apparently, there has been positive growth in their brain. Here is a research that was telecasted in Doordarshan in 2019. Take a read:

" Extraordinary memory power of the Sanskrit scholars. How can they memorize varsity such as Vedas and Upanishads as they are and pass it on to the next generation? Now latest researchers have unraveled this mystery and named the phenomenon as Sanskrit effect."

This is not magic or something we can easily break down. Take a look at shruti this entire knowledge system is an oral tradition which means the Samskrutam Pundits have to memorize tens of thousands of Samskrutam verses read and recite them every day. Now in which part of the world in what kind of a knowledge system are people used to these kinds of heavy reading, recitation, and memory. There is no comparable education system that has a huge amount of memory, reading, and recitation like the Vedic education system.

I'm not trying to undermine any other education system. I'm just trying to compare saying that the intensity in memorizing and reciting is at its peak in Samskrutam and hence the Samskrutam effect is there this is what I understand logically.

Coincidentally Gayatri Mantra which is considered as the epitome of all the mantras in Samskritam which is recited a couple of hundreds of thousands of times a day holds the same meaning as the outcome of the research.

ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः
तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं
भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि
धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् ॥

My dear mother, our hearts are full of darkness of ignorance, please move this darkness away from us; illuminate and empower our intellect.

Samskrutam in my opinion is the richest heritage of India and is the property of 1.3 billion Indians irrespective of caste or religion or any other aspect. But how can that be saved here is what i feel so.

वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ वागर्थप्रतिपत्तये।
जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमेश्वरौ॥

This verse says that if a word is a manifestation of ma parvati the meaning of it is the manifestation of lord shiva. Just like how inseparable they are every word and its meaning is inseparable. In simple words, every language is divine be it Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, French, Malayalam, Arabic, Urdu, Russian, whichever language that you take we should never ever hate any language period. So first thing stop fighting about language supremacy. Second, our mother tongue is a relic of Samskrutam. So save it by speaking it. Let me tell you one very important thing the moment we are ashamed of our own mother tongue that is the moment where we are killing our own self-confidence and self-respect inherently. Third and most important of all save Samskrutam by learning it or if you can effort help people who are learning Samskrutam.

Credit: project shivoham